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Mediastinal Tumors and Cysts in Children

Mediastinal Tumors and Cysts in Children Abstract While an extraordinary variety of cysts and neoplasms occur in the mediastinum, their discovery in children is an unusual event. During the period 1930-1955 only 14 cases of primary mediastinal cysts and tumors were reported at Duke Hospital in the pediatric age group (birth to 14 years). Then, within two months, three cases of primary mediastinal cysts were detected. These cases are not only infrequent in their occurrence but present similar appearances on conventional roentgenograph examination of the chest. We would like to review the general types of neoplasms and cysts presenting in the mediastinum of children and to discuss in detail our three new cases. Differential Diagnosis The differential diagnosis of mediastinal masses is based on a system of probability and anatomical location. For purposes of localization we have defined the mediastinum, in its simplest conventional terms, as the space between the two pleural cavities, extending from the upper References 1. Seybold, W. D.; McDonald, J. R.; Clagett, O. T., and Harrington, S. W.: Mediastinal Tumors of Blood Vascular Origin , J. Thoracic Surg. 18: 503-517 ( (Aug.) ) 1949. 2. Keegan, J. M.: Hemangioma of the Mediastinum , Am. J. Roentgenol. 69:66-68 ( (Jan.) ) 1953. 3. Stich, M. H.; Rubenstein, J.; Friedman, A. B., and Morrison, M.: Mediastinal Lymphosarcoma in an Infant , J. Pediat. 42:235-238 ( (Feb.) ) 1953.Crossref 4. Heuer, G. J., and Andrus, W.: The Surgery of Mediastinal Tumors , Am. J. Surg. 50:146-224 ( (Oct.) ) 1940.Crossref 5. Heuer, G. J.: The Thoracic Lipomas , Ann. Surg. 98:801-819 ( (Nov.) ) 1933.Crossref 6. Reeves, R. J.; Baylin, G. J., and Jones, P. A.: Boeck's Sarcoid in Children , South. M. J. 41:295-302 ( (April) ) 1948.Crossref 7. Rubin, S., and Stratemeier, E. H.: Intra Thoracic Meningocele , Radiology 58:552-555 ( (April) ) 1952.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Journal of Diseases of Children American Medical Association

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1958 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6916
DOI
10.1001/archpedi.1958.02060050286010
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract While an extraordinary variety of cysts and neoplasms occur in the mediastinum, their discovery in children is an unusual event. During the period 1930-1955 only 14 cases of primary mediastinal cysts and tumors were reported at Duke Hospital in the pediatric age group (birth to 14 years). Then, within two months, three cases of primary mediastinal cysts were detected. These cases are not only infrequent in their occurrence but present similar appearances on conventional roentgenograph examination of the chest. We would like to review the general types of neoplasms and cysts presenting in the mediastinum of children and to discuss in detail our three new cases. Differential Diagnosis The differential diagnosis of mediastinal masses is based on a system of probability and anatomical location. For purposes of localization we have defined the mediastinum, in its simplest conventional terms, as the space between the two pleural cavities, extending from the upper References 1. Seybold, W. D.; McDonald, J. R.; Clagett, O. T., and Harrington, S. W.: Mediastinal Tumors of Blood Vascular Origin , J. Thoracic Surg. 18: 503-517 ( (Aug.) ) 1949. 2. Keegan, J. M.: Hemangioma of the Mediastinum , Am. J. Roentgenol. 69:66-68 ( (Jan.) ) 1953. 3. Stich, M. H.; Rubenstein, J.; Friedman, A. B., and Morrison, M.: Mediastinal Lymphosarcoma in an Infant , J. Pediat. 42:235-238 ( (Feb.) ) 1953.Crossref 4. Heuer, G. J., and Andrus, W.: The Surgery of Mediastinal Tumors , Am. J. Surg. 50:146-224 ( (Oct.) ) 1940.Crossref 5. Heuer, G. J.: The Thoracic Lipomas , Ann. Surg. 98:801-819 ( (Nov.) ) 1933.Crossref 6. Reeves, R. J.; Baylin, G. J., and Jones, P. A.: Boeck's Sarcoid in Children , South. M. J. 41:295-302 ( (April) ) 1948.Crossref 7. Rubin, S., and Stratemeier, E. H.: Intra Thoracic Meningocele , Radiology 58:552-555 ( (April) ) 1952.Crossref

Journal

A.M.A. Journal of Diseases of ChildrenAmerican Medical Association

Published: Mar 1, 1958

References