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Transnational vs. Domestic Immigrant Entrepreneurs: A Comparative Literature Analysis of the Use of Personal Skills and Social Networks

Transnational vs. Domestic Immigrant Entrepreneurs: A Comparative Literature Analysis of the Use... An increasing number of studies are analyzing the roles of personal skills and social contacts in transnational immigrant entrepreneurship. However, whether the findings from extant research on immigrant entrepreneurs with a transnational business (TIEs) are peculiar to this particular group or applicable to all immigrant entrepreneurs (DIEs) remains unclear. To fill this research gap, this article summarizes previous findings on the use of personal skills and social networks by reviewing previous literature. The findings of this review indicate that previous studies show fairly similar results, albeit with some differences. TIEs appear to have slightly better personal skills (e.g., linguistic skills), higher and more businessrelated levels of education and better work experience. Regarding social contacts, TIEs’ networks are more extended geographically, which is relevant because social contacts often provide key support (informational and working aid) for the internationalization of the business. Keywords: personal skills; immigrant entrepreneurship; social networks; small business; transnational entrepreneurship JEL Codes: A14; F22; M20. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Journal of Entrepreneurship Addleton Academic Publishers

Transnational vs. Domestic Immigrant Entrepreneurs: A Comparative Literature Analysis of the Use of Personal Skills and Social Networks

American Journal of Entrepreneurship , Volume 8 (2): 21 – Jan 1, 2015

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Publisher
Addleton Academic Publishers
Copyright
© 2009 Addleton Academic Publishers
ISSN
2164-9685
Publisher site
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Abstract

An increasing number of studies are analyzing the roles of personal skills and social contacts in transnational immigrant entrepreneurship. However, whether the findings from extant research on immigrant entrepreneurs with a transnational business (TIEs) are peculiar to this particular group or applicable to all immigrant entrepreneurs (DIEs) remains unclear. To fill this research gap, this article summarizes previous findings on the use of personal skills and social networks by reviewing previous literature. The findings of this review indicate that previous studies show fairly similar results, albeit with some differences. TIEs appear to have slightly better personal skills (e.g., linguistic skills), higher and more businessrelated levels of education and better work experience. Regarding social contacts, TIEs’ networks are more extended geographically, which is relevant because social contacts often provide key support (informational and working aid) for the internationalization of the business. Keywords: personal skills; immigrant entrepreneurship; social networks; small business; transnational entrepreneurship JEL Codes: A14; F22; M20.

Journal

American Journal of EntrepreneurshipAddleton Academic Publishers

Published: Jan 1, 2015

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