1 - 10 of 11 articles
There is increasing evidence that false eyewitness identification is the primary cause of the conviction of innocent people. In 1996, the American Psychology/Law Society and Division 41 of the American Psychological Association appointed a subcommittee to review scientific evidence and make...
The authors studied the relationship between confidence and accuracy in clinical assessments of psychiatric patients' short-term risk of violence. At the time of entry to the hospital, physicians (N = 78) estimated the probability that each of 317 patients would physically attack other people...
In the legal system, jurors are asked to render a decision after the event in question has already occurred and the final outcome, typically negative, is known. This “after-the-fact” structure of the legal system makes jurors susceptible to a human judgment phenomenon known as hindsight bias....
Two studies examined the conditions under which event schema or scripts produce gap-filling errors in eyewitness accounts of a robbery. In Study 1, scripts for the robbery of a convenience store were identified. Results revealed high agreement among the 120 participants concerning the sequence...
This study examined the effects of anonymity on jurors' verdicts and on jurors' feelings of accountability for their jury's verdicts. Twenty four-person anonymous juries and 20 four-person nonanonymous juries rendered individual and group verdicts for three student defendants charged with...
This literature review summarizes the existing research examining how the attitude a potential juror has toward the death penalty impacts on the probability of favoring conviction. The summary of 14 investigations indicates that a favorable attitude toward the death penalty is associated with an...
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