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Measures of lineup fairness typically utilize the responses of mock witnesses who attempt to identify the suspect in a lineup based solely on the physical description given by the eyewitnesses. Many people in the criminal justice system deride or fail to understand the relevance of these...
Attempts to improve the clinical rigor of competency to stand trial evaluations have resulted in the development of several psycholegal measures. Among the most widely used of these measures are the Competency Screening Test (CST), the Fitness Interview Test (FIT), and the Georgia Court...
Qualitative measures of magistrates’ sentencing orientations were incorporated with archival case data into a multivariate statistical model to examine the contribution of orientation-case variable interactions to penalties imposed on 678 drink-drivers by 8 magistrates in two Australian courts....
A survey of 224 Michigan citizens called for jury duty over a 2-month period was conducted to assess the jurors’ comprehension of the law they had been given in the judges’ instructions. Citizens who served as jurors were compared with a base line of those who were called for duty but not...
Almost all legislative evaluations and impact analyses in the area of rape reform have involved the U.S. This article examines the effects of rape reform legislation introduced in Canada in 1983. In that year the offenses of rape and indecent assault were replaced with three new offenses of...
When suspects are arrested or screened by their fit with the initial description provided by the eyewitness but foils are not selected by that criterion, lineups are naturally biased against the suspect. Using probability theory, it is shown that constructing lineups by selecting foils that are...
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