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In criminal cases where the evidence shows a match between the defendant and the perpetrator on some characteristic, the jury often receives statistical evidence on the incidence rate of the “matching” characteristic. Two experiments tested undergraduates’ ability to use such evidence...
This paper reviews the criminal justice response to wife assault. By establishing a set of conditional probabilities for the reporting, detection, prosecution, and conviction for wife assault, the paper establishes that a “winnowing process” occurs that is not dissimilar to that reported for...
Three questions relevant to insanity decisions were examined: (a) What informational cues are weighed most heavily in the attribution of criminal responsibility? (b) How do verdict forms influence these attributions? And (c) How do individuals’ beliefs about insanity and responsibility influence...
This study examines the effects of 14 estimator variables (e.g., disguise of robber, exposure time, weapon visibility) and system variables (e.g., lineup instructions, exposure to mugshots) on a number of measures of eyewitness performance: identification accuracy, choosing rates, confidence in...
The role of behavioral research in the “free press-fair trial” controversy is reexamined in light of the recent article by Carroll, Kerr, Alfini, Weaver, MacCoun, and Feldman (1986). It is concluded that while further research is needed, as suggested by Carroll et al., behavioral research on the...
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