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Much of the research on juror decision making is concerned with whether jurors are swayed by irrelevant—or extralegal—issues in their judgments of defendants. Such studies examine whether jurors’ attitudes and victims’ and defendants’ characteristics have a measurable impact on these decisions....
In the psychological literature on eyewitness testimony, the classic Allport and Postman (1945, 1947) study of rumor has consistently been described inaccurately. In the inaccurate accounts both the procedures and implications of the study have been substantially distorted. The erroneous...
Children testify in courts of law, yet little is known about jurors’ reactions to them. We describe the first studies of simulated jurors’ reactions to child as compared to adult witnesses. Our methodology involved exposing mock jurors to trial descriptions. In the descriptions, the age of the...
During the past decade the courts have taken an increasingly active rule in shaping the physical facilities that house environmentally captive individuals. Perhaps the most influential of these cases was Wyatt v. Stickney (1972), which has been cited as a basis for standards promulgated by other...
“Weapon focus” refers to the concentration of a crime witness’s attention on a weapon, and the resultant reduction in ability to remember other details of the crime. We examined this phenomenon by presenting subject-witnesses with a series of slides depicting an event in a fast-food restaurant....
On January 1, 1985, the mandatory seat belt law went into effect in New York State; violators were now subject to a fine of $50.00. Police officers issued nonpenalty-based warnings during the month prior to the law’s imposition. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of the...
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