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The growth of mass media has complicated the relationship between the courts and the media. Free press and fair trial rights are kept in balance by the use of judicial restraints and remedies such as voir dire, change of venue, and gag orders. This balance has shifted back and forth during the...
Nonverbal behavior of 103 inmates was coded during their parole interviews, and additional information was obtained from their case files. These data were related to interviewers’ pre- and postinterview judgments of the inmates’ likelihood of completing parole successfully and to interviewers’...
Subjects (n = 128) initially viewed an eyewitness of high or low confidence. Subsequently, participants viewed a psychologist who gave either general expert testimony on the unreliability of eyewitness identification, specific expert testimony, or no expert (control) testimony. Subjects viewing...
Recent studies of confidence-accuracy correlations in eyewitness-identification experiments have produced highly variable results (Deffenbacher, 1980; Wells & Murray, 1984) with some correlations near 0 (Malpass & Devine, 1981) and others as high as 0.5 (Brigham et al., 1982). Much of this...
American Courts are experiencing increased use of expert testimony based upon psychological research. Ten years ago, I began testifying about my own research on human perception, recollection, and eyewitness accounts. The growing acceptance of this testimony precipitated a backlash from some...
Selective harassment of the residual population is the price paid for the choice of a professional and legally accountable police organization rather than a democratic and publicly accountable one. This book has demonstrated that in so far as there was a choice historically, it was made by the...
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