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Abstract It has been argued that people in low-income countries often have high consumption discount rates (CDRs), which contributes to under-investment in capital, such as education and soil conservation. We use a field experiment to estimate CDRs in rural Ethiopia and find that annual rates...
Abstract Despite efforts to increase integration within Africa, product markets remain segmented between countries. This paper examines the magnitude of price gaps, known as the border effect, between Lesotho and South Africa using retail price data for 49 products in 35 cities over the period...
Abstract Cash transfer programmes have been shown to have positive effects on a variety of outcomes. While much of the literature focuses on the role of conditionality in achieving desired impact, this paper focuses on the role of ‘soft conditionality’ implemented through both ‘labelling’ and...
Abstract Cross-country studies on the economic consequences of internal political violence typically find short-run effects that are not very large, and no evidence for full economic recovery. We study the economic impact of the Rwandan genocide in 1994, which has been one of the most intense...
Abstract Regional trade is low in sub-saharan Africa. But a large share of regional trade is informal, i.e., not recorded in official data. This paper studies the relationship between trade barriers and informality of trade. We use an original survey of informal transactions across Benin’s land...
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