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This paper considers the application units (AUs) operating within cropping fields as the 'customers', and the farm depots as the 'suppliers', while taking the fuel consumption rare (FCR) as a cost factor and adding it to the IRP. Then a dedicated classification of field supply logistics is...
In this paper, the concept of Laplacian energy of a fuzzy graph is extended to the Laplacian energy of an intuitionistic fuzzy directed graph. The degree matrix and the Laplacian energy of an intuitionistic fuzzy directed graph are defined. The upper and lower bound are derived for the Laplacian...
Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) surveys can provide useful information on heavy metal contaminated sites assessment. Structural reference model is introduced as a constraint to guide ERT data inversion in ERT survey. In this paper, we propose a novel method, which integrate soil physical...
This paper focuses on the problem of state policies and labour dynamics in the shipping industry by applying a system dynamics methodology. Traditional flag states, such as Greece, has been facing serious problems with regard to its national shipping policy, that is to say, the flagging out from...
Atanassov (1986) defined the notion of intuitionistic fuzzy sets (IFS), which is a generalisation of the concept of fuzzy sets, introduced by the Zadeh (1965). Decision makers may not be able to accurately express their view for the problem as they may not possess a precise or sufficient...
With increasing scale and complexity of networked applications, the concept of system of systems has recently emerged. This paper introduces a new systems engineering approach that can be utilised uniformly to represent integrated static descriptions of systems and their behaviours along with...
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