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Chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) is diagnosed in patients when urticarial eruptions recur for more than 6 weeks, and no specific cause is determined. Given that urticaria resembles the lesions induced by injection of histamine or allergen into the skin, a role for mast cells or basophils has...
In some patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU), aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that inhibit cyclooxygenase 1 (COX-1) precipitate wheals and swelling. There is no in vitro diagnostic, and diagnosis can be established only by provocation challenges with...
Atopic dermatitis is a chronic or chronically relapsing inflammatory skin disease with a prevalence ranging from 10% to 20% in children and 1% to 3% in adults of developed countries. Skin-infiltrating leukocytes play a pivotal role in the initiation and amplification of atopic skin inflammation....
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a complex disease that manifests immunologic abnormalities in the skin. The immunologic changes of AD are characterized by a T helper cell type 2 (Th2)-dominated immune response in its acute phase and a Th1/Th2 mixed immune response in its chronic phase. Although the...
Some 5% to 10% of all infants and toddlers suffer from four or more episodes of otitis per year. Usually, this is a temporary problem that resolves with increasing age. In a minority of cases, otitis episodes are frequent or have an abnormal course, with complications such as mastoiditis. In...
The clinical picture and the treatment of acute otitis media (AOM) and its complications have changed during the past decades. The availability of antibiotics has decreased the incidence of complications of AOM significantly. The treatment of complications of AOM is conservative in most cases....
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