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The driving forces leading to the continuing optimisation of biological colour on Earth are, first, colouration by default, arising from the reflection of unwanted radiant energy in energy‐absorbing systems; second, colour which has evolved from the combination of the light reflected from one...
General Introduction After spending many years working on colour and appearance in industry, I became aware of a gross ignorance of the origin of the colour and beauty existing around me in nature. The results of the succeeding awakening formed the theme of my retiring address as Chairman of The...
Colour and appearance of flowering plants and animals are discussed in terms of the three driving forces for colouration discussed in Part I. They are: first, the need to absorb incident radiation; second, the combination of reflection properties and visual characteristics; and third, incidental...
The principles of human colouration are very similar to those applying to other organisms, as outlined in the first and second articles of this series. The races of man are coloured differently for the very good reasons of adaptation to our environment, and any deviation from what is considered...
Reflectance and transmittance theories have been used to calculate the optical absorption and scattering within materials. For these calculations, the incorporation of corrections for interfacial reflections has not been universally applied, and when corrections have been incorporated, the value...
The DIN Color Chart rests on a development of more than 40 years. It belongs to a group of color order systems that attempt to show equal distances in defined color series. The choice of hue, saturation, and darkness degree as a function of relative luminance factor, and the extended use of...
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