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Restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) observed during the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS: Lord et al., 2000) were examined in a longitudinal data set of 455 toddlers and preschoolers (age 8–56 months) with clinical diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD; autism, n=121 and...
Empathizing–Systemizing theory posits a continuum of cognitive traits extending from autism into normal cognitive variation. Covariance data on empathizing and systemizing traits have alternately suggested inversely dependent, independent, and sex‐dependent (one sex dependent, the other...
Purpose: To examine the association between autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) and seasons of conception and birth in a UK birth cohort: Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Methods: Seasons of conception and birth were compared in children with and without ASD with season...
Successful social behavior requires the accurate detection of other people's movements. Consistent with this, typical observers demonstrate enhanced visual sensitivity to human movement relative to equally complex, nonhuman movement (e.g., Pinto & Shiffrar, 2009). A psychophysical study...
At the past meeting of INSAR, the role of autoimmunity was discussed in an educational session. This article summarizes this discussion. In immune‐mediated diseases, antibodies can contribute to the pathogenesis of the disease and are sometimes the force that drives the disease process. This...
Dysfunction of cerebral cortex in autism is thought to involve alterations in inhibitory neurotransmission. Here, we screened, in prefrontal cortex (PFC) of 15 subjects diagnosed with autism and 15 matched controls the expression of 44 transcripts that are either preferentially expressed in...
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