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Mirror neuron system dysfunction may underlie a self–other matching impairment, which has previously been suggested to account for autism. Embodied Cognition Theory, which proposes that action provides a foundation for cognition has lent further credence to these ideas. The hypotheses of a...
Reports identified the neuronal glutamate transporter gene, SLC1A1 (OMIM 133550, chromosome 9p24), as a positional and functional candidate gene for obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD). The presence of obsessions and compulsions similar to OCD in autism, the identification of this region in a...
Individuals with autism exhibit hypersensitivity to local elements of the input, which may interfere with the ability to group visual elements perceptually. We investigated the development of perceptual grouping abilities in high‐functioning individuals with autism (HFA) across a wide age range...
To investigate levels of brain‐derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in mid‐pregnancy and neonatal blood specimens as early biologic markers for autism, we conducted a population‐based case–control study nested within the cohort of infants born from July 2000 to September 2001 to women who...
Thirty‐seven children 15–25 months of age received clinical diagnoses of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and were re‐evaluated two years later. All subjects were judged to have retained a diagnosis of ASD at the follow‐up evaluation. Communication scores for the group as a whole during the first...
Recent empirical findings suggest a significant influence of emotion on memory processes. Surprisingly, although emotion‐processing difficulties appear to be a hallmark feature in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), their impact on higher‐level cognitive functions, such as memory, has not been...
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