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Here we have examined interactions of gold nanoparticles differing in primary particle size and coating with the green algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii as function of the colloidal stability of the particles in the experimental media used for toxicity studies. Interactions of dissolved Au3+ ions...
The light-induced redox cycling of iron plays an important role for the formation of iron species that are available to phytoplankton. In aquatic ecosystems, siderophore-type ligands are likely to be involved in the formation of bioavailable iron via photolysis of both solution and surface...
In numerous freshwater and marine environments, ferrous iron (Fe2+) can react with manganese oxides in a redox reaction. However, there are few quantitative data describing reaction rates. A “soluble” (colloidal and nanoparticulate) phase manganese dioxide (MnO2) was used to obtain kinetic data...
Previous studies of deeply oxygenated (8–12 cm) sediments in Lake Superior revealed prominent iron (Fe)-rich layers, up to 2 cm thick. Whereas metal enrichments are common near the oxic–anoxic boundary in aquatic sediments, several geomicrobiological aspects of their formation remain unknown. In...
Years of experimentation in well-defined media has demonstrated that trace metal bioavailability should be best predicted by the concentration (or activity) of the free cation (free ion activity model, FIAM). In the particular case of lead, uptake of Pb by Chlorella kessleri has been, however,...
It is now well established that the bioavailability of metals toward aquatic organisms varies as a function of the free metal concentration. The ion-exchange technique (IET), which consists of equilibrating a calibrated cation-exchange resin with the water sample, is one of the few existing...
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