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High sedimentation rates along river-dominated margins make these systems important repositories for organic carbon derived from both allochthonous and autochthonous sources. Using elemental carbon/nitrogen ratios, molecular biomarker (lignin phenol), and stable carbon isotopic (bulk and...
The paired chemical reactions, Ca2+ + 2HCO3
− ↔ CaCO3 + CO2 + H2O, overestimate the ratio of CO2 flux to CaCO3 flux during the precipitation or dissolution of CaCO3 in seawater. This ratio, which has been termed ψ, is about 0.6 in surface seawater at 25°C and at equilibrium with contemporary...
Comparison of results for the original burial rate of carbonate sediments over Phanerozoic time, as calculated using the GEOCARBSULFvolc model, with their rate of preservation to the present (survival rate) shows a considerable loss of mass, partly by subduction of oceanic crust, during the past...
At constant temperature, the density of deep waters in the oceans is higher than that of surface waters due to the oxidation of plant material that adds NO3, PO4, and Si(OH)4, and the dissolution of CaCO3(s) that adds Ca2+ and HCO3. These increases in the density have been used to estimate the...
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