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Abstract: The article deals with the influence of the severe famines of the later Middle Ages on Christian-Jewish relations. It focuses on the rising costs and food shortages that haunted large parts of Europe in the 15th century, particularly during the grave famine of the 1430s. Because of the...
Abstract: Subsistence crises due to famine occurred frequently in early modern Europe. A poor harvest caused by rainy weather was often the trigger for such disaster. But people also looked for scapegoats who could be blamed for the shortage of grain. From the seventeenth century onwards the...
Abstract: The economic success of Court Jews during the late 17th and the 18th centuries is one of the major phenomena of early modern Jewish history in Central Europe. After long and controversial debates on the causes of this development and its consequences for Jewish society as well as for...
Abstract: In the agricultural societies of Early Modern History Jews did not only have a share in the available rural common property such as water, pasture or woodland, they also had to pay their share of community charges. The conflicts arising from this contribution are outlined, as in the...
Abstract: The article offers an edition, German translation and commentary of a Qina for the 9 th of Av from an otherwise unknown poet of Hebrew liturgical poetry memorizing an act of Jewish martyrdom at Lauda and Bischofsheim from 13 th century Ashkenaz. The text serves as starting point for a...
Abstract: Norms and regulations of medieval and early modern Jewish communities forbade Jews from bringing other Jews to trial in front of Christian courts. In spite of this prohibition there were several cases, in which Jews sued other Jews in courts of Christian authorities. One example is a...
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